“Where is that in the Bible?” is a challenge Protestants commonly issue to Catholics when matters of disputed doctrine arise. Two common response strategies include trying to find a biblical reference to support the belief in question or to return the challenge by asking, “Where in the Bible does it say something must be in the Bible before you can believe it?” While both of these have merit, I would like to suggest a third strategy that can cut to the deeper issue more quickly.
Before getting into this third way, imagine what Catholic-Protestant doctrinal discussions might look like if:
- Baptists (who believe that baptism is merely a picture of salvation) found a verse in the Bible that said, “Baptism does not save.”
- Calvinists (who believe that salvation comes through faith alone apart from works – aka “sola fide”) discovered a passage that said, “Faith without works is useful. . . .A person is not justified by works but by faith alone.”
- Evangelicals (who think communion is just a symbol of Jesus’ body) came up with a proof text that read, “Any one who eats and drinks without discerning the symbolism of the body eats and drinks judgment upon himself.”
If Protestants had proof texts such as these above to support their doctrines, they would certainly (and rightly) demand that Catholics answer for seemingly ignoring (if not contradicting) the clear word of God. (More examples could be marshaled, but these three are good for their clarity, agreement among Protestants, and their theological importance.)
Catholic Proof Texts
Of course, these verses are not in Scripture. So, instead, Protestants build their scriptural cases for these beliefs from more indirect passages which likely seem clear to them in the light of their prior theological positions.
Now, Catholics must do the same thing in many cases. Certainly not all Catholic beliefs have clear biblical prooftexts either – and in these cases verses must be called forth that are open to reinterpretation from those who disagree. When interpretation becomes determinative, the Church often relies on more than just Scripture for help. Because the Church is not limited to biblical proof texts for doctrinal support, we can cite authoritative Church teaching to narrow down the correct interpretation quickly and decisively.
In the above examples, though, such a procedure is less necessary because the Catholic does in fact have rather clear biblical proof texts to support what they believe:
- As to baptism, the Bible says: “In the days of Noah, during the building of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were saved through water. Baptism, which corresponds to this, now saves you” (1 Pet. 3:20-21).
- When it comes to faith, works, and justification, the Bible says: “Faith apart from works is barren . . . You see that a man is justified by works and not by faith alone” (James 2:20-24).
- As to communion, the Bible says: “Whoever, therefore, eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of profaning the body and blood of the Lord. Let a man examine himself, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup.For any one who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment upon himself” (1 Cor. 11:27-29).
Responding to the Protestant Challenge
What is interesting is that although what the Bible says in these three examples is precisely what the Catholic Church teaches, it is exactly what most Protestants deny. Of course, Protestants have had 500 years to come up with alternative interpretations of these passages that get around a theological contradiction – but that’s not the point. Rather, it is that even if Catholics do produce statements from Scripture that clearly state exactly what the Church teaches, most Protestants have remained unphased. Thus, whether a given belief can be found in the Bible is almost a moot point.
So, when a Catholic is challenged by a Protestant to show them where a given belief is found in the Bible, instead of arguing over disputed interpretations or trying a little apologetic judo and flipping the question around on them, a good strategy might be to simply ask, “Would it matter to you if it was?” Such a question will be shocking to a Protestant who prides himself on his commitment to the Bible. Not only would it matter – nothing else would!
The Catholic can then point out that:
- Although the Bible says “justification is not by faith alone,” that Protestants believe justification is by faith alone.
- While the Bible says baptism saves, Protestants believe it does not save.
- Though the Bible says communion is eating the body of Christ, Protestants believe it is only a symbol.
In other words – both sides have “clear proof texts” that say things the other denies. Thus, “where is that in the Bible” is often a non-starter.
What this strategy does is keep the conversation from turning into a scriptural ping-pong match, and focuses on the true underlying issue: namely, that the Bible can often be understood in numerous ways and that without an authoritative body to interpret it, disagreement and division seem inevitable (Protestantism itself is the best evidence of this!).
Moreover, it shows that in many cases the Protestant does not actually have the scriptural high ground they are told they do when dealing with Catholics. For the Protestant apologist who sees himself as always having the Bible on his side, this can be an eye-opening realization.