One of the most ridiculous anti-Catholic propaganda claims on the interwebs today is the charge that Satan is worshiped in the Catholic Mass. A quick web search on “Lucifer Worship in Catholic Mass” revealed that this silliness is ubiquitous online – and thus, incredibly, seems to warrant a response.
The Latin Mass referred to here is the Easter Exsultet, which one video purportedly translated for its viewers:
Flammas eius lúcifer matutínus invéniat Ille, inquam, lúcifer, qui nescit occásum: Christus Fílius tuus.
Flaming Lucifer Lucifer finds mankind I say, O Lucifer who will never be defeated, Christ is your son.
The main (but certainly not the only) problem with this translation is that it leaves the word “lucifer” untranslated. That’s right – “lucifer” is a Latin term. The key to fooling the viewer of this video is acting as though the word is referring to . . . well, everyone knows who Lucifer is right?
The word lucifer is a Latin term derived from lux (“light”) and ferre (“to bring”). It was originally used to refer to the planet Venus (the “Morning Star”). In the Bible, the Hebrew term hēylēl (used only in Isaiah 14:12) for “day-star, son of the morning” was originally translated in the Catholic Bible (i.e., the Vulgate) using the Latin lucifer.
Now, it is popularly thought that the word “lucifer” is actually a proper name – for Satan, no less. This is because, early biblical commentators like St. Jerome saw the passage in Isaiah as a description of the fall of Satan (“Lucifer” allegedly being Satan’s name before he rebelled against God). Centuries later, the Latin word lucifer was left as is by the translators of the popular Protestant King James Bible (only there in Isaiah, even though the Vulgate uses the word lucifer elsewhere e.g., Job 11:17, 38:32; Ps. 109:3; and Ecct. 50:6).
Lucifer is not Satan’s name!
While it must be admitted that some of the wording in Isaiah 14 does seem to reflect an early tradition of the Church concerning Satan’s fall (and so the description might be a symbolic double referent), the verse in question specifically states that it is referring to the King of Babylon (as any good commentary will tell you). Satan is not mentioned anywhere in the biblical passage. Ironically, then, it is Catholic tradition that these critics use to support their case against Catholicism!
Who is Lucifer – Jesus or Satan?
Now that the negative case against the Catholic Mass has been dealt with, we need to turn to the positive case. Why is “lucifer” in these lyrics? Well, when we turn to the New Testament it becomes perfectly clear who the apostles called “The Morning Star”- it is Jesus Christ!
Jesus is described as the “morning star” (phosphorus) in 2 Peter 1:19. This kind of imagery is used often of the Messiah in the New Testament (e.g., Mt. 4:16; Lk. 1:76-79; and Jn. 1:7-9) and may hearken back to Old Testament descriptions of the Messiah (e.g., Num. 24:17; Isa 9:2, 60:1-2; and Mal. 4:2). Jesus is also called the “bright morning star” (using different Greek terms than 2 Peter 1:19) in Revelation 22:16. The underlying Greek terms are translated in Latin as “lucifer”.
So, according to the Bible, “lucifer” is Jesus!
The Church offers the correct translation of the Latin Mass in question:
“May the morning Star which never sets find this flame still burning:
Christ, that Morning Star, who came back from the dead,
and shed his peaceful light on all mankind,
your Son who lives and reigns for ever and ever.”
This beautiful prayer is said at the Easter vigil as Catholics (holding candles to ward off the darkness) look forward to the coming of the dawn, and, someday, the return of Christ himself.
It is nothing short of slander to suggest that the Catholic Church worships Satan. The Easter Exsultet is all about the overcoming of darkness with the light (lux) of Christ, the light bringer (literally the lucifer). The fact that this Latin term from a Catholic Bible has been confused by English speakers due to a Protestant Bible makes for the irony of legend!
“Whoever utters slander is a fool.”